|SWINDON, ENGLAND - FEBRUARY 23: A reporter stands outside office of The National Bullying Helpline on February 23, 2010 in Swindon, England. Founder of the National Bullying Helpline Christine Pratt is coming under increasing pressure after revealing that some Downing Street staff have contacted the helpline. Prime Minister Gordon Brown has been accused of bullying tactics in a new book serialised in newspapers last weekend. (Image credit: Getty Images via @daylife)|
F. Effects on Children
779 F.Supp.2d 306
|[ 779 F.Supp.2d 306 ]|
("Bullying can also be viewed as a component of a more generally antisocial and rule-breaking (conduct disordered') behavior pattern. From this perspective, it is natural to predict that youngsters who are aggressive and bully others, run a clearly increased risk of later engaging in other problem behaviors such as criminality and alcohol abuse. A number of recent studies confirm their general prediction.") Additionally, bullies are more likely than non-bullies to commit a felony in the future. Olweus, supra, at 36; Macklem, supra, at 44 (finding in one longitudinal study that "[b]ullying was clearly a precursor to later violent behavior for this group, although, of course, not all bullies would persist along this pathway toward violence"). In one study, 60 percent of boys identified as bullies in grades six to nine had at least one conviction by age 24, and 35 to 40 percent of them had three or more convictions. Olweus, supra, at 36. This is a four-fold increase in the level of criminality over that of non-bullies. Victims had an average or below-average chance of engaging in future criminality. Id.