Friday, July 29, 2016

Breaking: Feds Issue Guidance on Students with ADHD and §504 #ADHD #§504

The U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) on Tuesday issued guidance clarifying the obligation of schools to provide students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with equal educational opportunity under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.

guidance provides a broad overview of Section 504 and school districts’ obligations to provide educational services to students with disabilities, including students with ADHD. The guidance:
  • Explains that schools must evaluate a student when a student needs or is believed to need special education or related services.
  • Discusses the obligation to provide services based on students’ specific needs and not based on generalizations about disabilities, or ADHD, in particular. For example, the guidance makes clear that schools must not rely on the generalization that students who perform well academically cannot also be substantially limited in major life activities, such as reading, learning, writing and thinking; and that such a student can, in fact, be a person with a disability.
  • Clarifies that students who experience behavioral challenges, or present as unfocused or distractible, could have ADHD and may need an evaluation to determine their educational needs.
  • Reminds schools that they must provide parents and guardians with due process and allow them to appeal decisions regarding the identification, evaluation, or educational placement of students with disabilities, including students with ADHD.
In addition to the guidance, the Department also released a Know Your Rights document that provides a brief overview of schools’ obligations to students with ADHD.

You can review the 42 page guidance document here. A press release concerning the guidance is available here.

Thursday, July 28, 2016

Breaking: Feds Issue Guidance on Homeless Children #HomelessChildren

The U.S. Department of Education yesterday released guidance to states and school districts on the new provisions in the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) for supporting homeless youth. The new provisions address the needs of homeless individuals, and ensure educational rights and protections for homeless children and youth. The guidance released today will assist state and local partners in understanding and implementing the new law in order to better protect and serve homeless students and help schools in providing these students with much needed stability, safety, and support. The guidance was informed by the input of a diverse group of stakeholders to best address the needs of homeless youth.

During the 2013-14 school year, more than 1.3 million homeless children and youth were enrolled in public schools. Research shows that these students experience significant academic, social, and socio-emotional challenges, and that being homeless is associated with lower school achievement and increased risk of dropping out of school. In addition, students who experience high mobility and attend many different schools over the course of their education often slip academically with each move. Recognizing these challenges, this guidance offers technical assistance on promising practices for helping homeless youth through the implementation of homeless education requirements at the State and local levels, focusing particular attention on changes under ESSA.

You can review the press release here.  You can read the guidance document here. Related guidance is available here.

Tuesday, July 26, 2016

ADA Turns 26 Years Old #ADA

The Americans With Disability Act was signed into law on July 26, 1990. Happy Birthday ADA! This important law prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, transportation, public accommodations, commercial facilities, telecommunications, and state and local government services.

To celebrate, here are some interesting facts and numbers from our friends at the Census Bureau:

Population Distribution
56.7 million
The number of people in the United States in 2010 with a disability, according to the Survey of Income and Program Participation
People with disabilities represented 19 percent of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. People with a disability have a physical or mental impairment that affects one or more major life activities, such as walking, bathing, dressing, eating, preparing meals, going outside the home or doing housework. A disability can occur at birth or at any point in a person’s life. Source: Americans With Disabilities: 2010 <http://www.census.gov/prod/2012pubs/p70-131.pdf
>

15.7 million
The number of people age 65 and older with at least one disability, according to data collected from the American Community Survey  from 2008 to 2012, which makes up 39 percent of the population in this age group. Of this group, two-thirds had difficulty in walking or climbing stairs. The second-most cited disability was difficulty with independent living, such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping. Source: Older Americans With a Disability: 2008-2012  
>

19.9%
The percentage of the civilian noninstitutionalized population in West Virginia in 2014 with a disability — the highest rate of any state in the nation. Utah, at 9.6 percent, had the lowest rate. Source: 2014 American Community Survey, Table GCT1810 <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/GCT1810.US01PR
>

28.1%
The percentage of the civilian noninstitutionalized population in Pike County, Ky., in 2014 with a disability — among the highest rate in the nation among counties with populations of 65,000 or more. Loudoun County, Va., at 5.5 percent, had among the lowest rates. Source: 2014 American Community Survey, Table GCT1810 <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/GCT1810.US05PR
>

23.2%
The percentage of the civilian noninstitutionalized population in The Villages (CDP), Fla., in 2014 with a disability — among the highest rates in the nation among places with populations of 65,000 or more. San Ramon, Calif., at 4.3 percent, had among the lowest rates. A place is a city, town, village or borough, either legally incorporated or not. Source: 2014 American Community Survey, Table GCT1810 <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/GCT1810.US13PR
>

Services for Those With Disabilities
2,833
The number of business establishments providing special needs transportation in 2012, up 20.7 percent from 2,347 in 2007. Such businesses may use specially equipped vehicles to provide passenger transportation. These businesses employed 61,605 people in 2012 and generated revenues of $3.5 billion. Employment was up 24.0 percent and revenues increased 27.7 percent since 2007. Source: 2012 and 2007 Comparative Economic Census Geographic Area Series (NAICS485991
>

14,060
The number of business establishments that provided pet care (except veterinary services) in 2012. These businesses generated revenues of $3.4 billion. Among these businesses are those that train assistance dogs. Source: 2012 and 2007 Comparative Economic Census Geographic Area Series (NAICS 812910
>

25,964
The number of business establishments providing services for the elderly and people with disabilities in 2012. These businesses employed 901,359 workers and generated $34.1 billion in revenues. In 2007, there were 20,433 such establishments, employing 621,545 people and producing $25.3 billion in revenues. These establishments provide for the welfare of these individuals in such areas as day care, nonmedical home care or homemaker services, social activities, group support and companionship. Source: 2012 and 2007 Comparative- Economic Census Geographic Area Series (NAICS 624120
>

7,832
The number of business establishments providing vocational rehabilitation services in 2012; these businesses employed 312,659 people and generated revenues of $12.4 billion. In 2007, there were 7,631 such establishments, employing 303,713 people and producing revenues of $11.5 billion. These businesses provide job counseling, job training and work experience to people with disabilities.Source: 2012 and 2007 Comparative Economic Census Geographic Area Series (NAICS 624310
>

2,344
The number of business establishments providing translation and interpretation services in 2012; these businesses employed 24,926 people and generated revenues of $4.2 billion. In 2007, there were 1,975 such establishments, employing 14,546 people and producing revenues of $1.9 billion. Among these businesses are those that provide sign language services. Source: 2012 and 2007 Comparative Economic Census Geographic Area Series (NAICS 541930
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3,597
The number of business establishments providing home health equipment rental in 2012, down 4.4 percent from 3,762 in 2007. Such businesses rent home-type health and invalid equipment, such as wheelchairs, hospital beds, oxygen tanks, etc. These businesses employed 33,935 people in 2012 and generated revenues of $5.4 billion. Employment was up 2.8 percent while revenues decreased 7.8 percent since 2007. Source: 2012 and 2007 Comparative Economic Census Geographic Area Series (NAICS 532291
>

Specific Disabilities
Note: All data in this section come from Americans With Disabilities: 2010
, which contains data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation
. 

· 7.6 million: Number of people age 15 and older in 2010 who had a hearing impairment. Among people 65 and older, 4 million had hearing impairments.
· 8.1 million: Number of people age 15 and older in 2010 with vision impairment.
· 30.6 million: Number of people age 15 and older in 2010 who had movement impairment, such as walking or climbing stairs.
· 3.6 million: Number of people age 15 and older in 2010 who used a wheelchair. This compares with 11.6 million people who used canes, crutches or walkers.
· 2.4 million: Number of people age 15 and older in 2010 who had Alzheimer’s disease, senility or any form of neurocognitive disorders.
· 12.0 million: Number of people age 15 and older in 2010 who required the assistance of others in order to perform one or more basic or instrumental activities of daily living, such as bathing, dressing, doing housework and preparing meals.
 Older People With a Disability
Note: The source for the data in this section is Older Americans With a Disability: 2008-2012
, which contains data from the 2008 to 2012 American Community Survey
.

25.4%
The percentage who were age 85 and older with a disability among the population age 65 and older, according to the 2008-2012 American Community Survey.  
More than One-Third
The proportion of people age 85 and older with a disability who lived alone, compared with one-fourth of those age 65 to 74, according to the 2008-2012 American Community Survey.
54.4%
The percentage of the older population who had not graduated from high school and had a disability, twice the rate of those with a bachelor’s degree or higher (26.0 percent), according to the 2008-2012 American Community Survey.
12.6%
The percentage of older Americans living in a household with a disability living in poverty, compared with 7.2 percent of older household population without a disability, according to the 2008-2012 American Community Survey. 
Earnings
$21,232
Median earnings in the past 12 months for people with a disability. This is 68 percent of the median earnings, $31,324, for those without a disability. (Both figures pertain to the civilian, noninstitutionalized population 16 years and older, with earnings in the past 12 months.) Source: 2014 American Community Survey, Table B18140 <http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/B18140
>

Mobility
Note: The source for the data in this section is Desire to Move and Residential Mobility: 2010-2011
, a report which uses data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation
.

12.5%
The percentage of householders with a disability who desired to move to another residence, higher than the corresponding figure of 8.2 percent for those without a disability. Those with mental disabilities were the most likely to desire to move (20.6 percent).
17.3%
The percentage of householders with a disability who desired to move to another residence and actually did so over a one-year period. 
9.3%
The percentage of all householders with a disability who moved to another residence over a one-year period.  


Monday, July 25, 2016

Weekly Question!

What questions about special education should we ask the major party candidates for President? #Education Politics

Monday, July 18, 2016

Weekly Question!

What questions about special education should we ask the major party candidates for President? #Education Politics