Wednesday, May 4, 2016

NCES Releases Digest of Education Statistics 2014 #Ed Stats

The National Center for Education Statistics of the Institute of Education Sciences has released the Digest of Education Statistics, 2014 (50th Edition). There is a ton of useful statistical data concerning all aspects of education.  You can review the available materials here. You can peruse the entire 996 page Digest here.

Some fun with numbers from the report's many tables: In 1976-1977 there were 3,604,000 students served under IDEA or  % of students. In the 2012-2013 school year, there were 6,429,000  or 12.9%. In 1976-1977, 26% of special ed children were eligible under the category of intellectual disability, but by 2012-2013, only 6.7 were eligible under that category.(Table 204.30) In the 2007-2008 school year, 10.9% of students in undergraduate programs had disabilities. In 2011-1-2012, the percentage had increased slightly to 11.1%. (Table 311.10). In 2007, the percentage of special education students out of high school for up to six years who were living independently was 35.7%. In 2009 that number had increased to 44.7%. (note period was changed to out of school up to eight years. (Table 504.30)

Here is an excerpt from the report itself:
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), enacted in 1975, mandates that children and youth ages 3–21 with disabilities be provided a free and appropriate public school education. The percentage of total public school enrollment that represents children served by federally supported special education programs increased from 8.3 percent to 13.8 percent between 1976–77 and 2004–05 (table 204.30). Much of this overall increase can be attributed to a rise in the percentage of students identified as having specific learning disabilities from 1976–77 (1.8 percent) to 2004–05 (5.7 percent). The overall percentage of students being served in programs for those with disabilities decreased between 2004–05 (13.8 percent) and 2012–13 (12.9 percent). However, there were different patterns of change in the percentages served with some specific conditions between 2004–05 and 2012–13. The percentage of children identified as having other health impairments (limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems such as a heart condition, tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, nephritis, asthma, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning, leukemia, or diabetes) rose from 1.1 to 1.6 percent of total public school enrollment, the percentage with autism rose from 0.4 to 1.0 percent, and the percentage with developmental delay rose from 0.7 to 0.8 percent. The percentage of children with specific learning disabilities declined from 5.7 percent to 4.6 percent of total public school enrollment during this period. In fall 2012, some 95 percent of 6- to 21-year-old students with disabilities were served in regular schools; 3 percent were served in a separate school for students with disabilities; 1 percent were placed in regular private schools by their parents; and less than 1 percent each were served in one of the following environments: in a separate residential facility, homebound or in a hospital, or in a correctional facility (table 204.60).

Take a look at this amazing collection of data, and let us know what you think.

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